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News & Press: IMA News

IMA Participates in 15th International Aluminium Recycling Congress

Thursday, March 28, 2019   (0 Comments)
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IMA Participates in 15th International Aluminium Recycling Congress
(Colmar-France, 26-27 February 2019)

Around 160 people, including IMA's Christian Payn, attended this event which was well organized with panel discussions following presentations.

IMA at Alumionum Congress

The interest of IMA has been expressed at the beginning of the Congress as follows:

“Sorting Magnesium based alloys from Aluminium based alloys in ELV scraps will lower the melt loss and reduce the “demagging” process of the sorted Aluminium scraps for Aluminium refiners and will allow the recovery of Magnesium alloys contributing to a real circular economy.”

The main information has been that there will be, in the next years, too much ELV scraps in Europe to be absorbed by Aluminium refiners (alloys or castings) due to the following factors:

  • China has already reduced drastically its scrap imports for “environmental” reason and will probably stop the imports by mid 2020. By the way, China controls the scraps market.
  • The main market for the US Aluminium scraps exports was China (70% in 2012, 34% in 2018). More US scraps are exported to the EU and more scraps are coming from shredded cars
  • Electrical vehicle need less Aluminium casting parts (50% of Electrical vehicle in 2044)

To face this situation, the European Aluminium industry will have to improve the scraps selection (alloys sorting) and find new applications for these scraps (new alloys…).

LIBS (Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy) is not yet industrial for aluminium alloys sorting. The Aluminium industry will very likely push this technology, which could be an opportunity for the Magnesium industry to recover Magnesium based alloys from ELV shredded scraps.

Another concern is the recycling of electrical vehicle, which will need specific treatment (shredding is inappropriate).

The lack of interest from Automotive OEM for taking care of recyclability in vehicle design has also been pointed out.

IMA will have to stay in contact with the Aluminium industry in order to develop, if possible, synergies between the two materials (Magnesium and Aluminium).

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